Aboriginal Relations

Aboriginal Relations

Agreements with First Nations

Many agreements have been negotiated to advance reconciliation.

Comprehensive Land Claims (modern treaties)

Comprehensive land claims are government-to-government agreements that exchange undefined Aboriginal rights for defined treaty rights, and title to Settlement Land.

Umbrella Final Agreement

  • Framework for negotiating the individual Final Agreements
  • Signed in 1993, by the Council of Yukon Indians (now Council of Yukon First Nations), the Government of Canada and the Government of Yukon

Yukon Final Agreements

  • Constitutionally-protected (section 35) comprehensive land claim agreements
  • Define First Nation rights within their Traditional Territories and how the federal, territorial and First Nation governments interact with one another
  • Give First Nations ownership of and decision making powers on Settlement Land
  • Address heritage, fish and wildlife, non-renewable resources, water management, forestry, taxation, financial compensation, economic development measures and land owned and managed by the First Nation
  • 11 of the 14 First Nations in Yukon have Final Agreements

Self-Government Agreements

  • Establishes the First Nation as a government, as opposed to an Indian Act band
  • Establish a First Nations self-government powers so they can control and direct their own affairs
  • Outline the ability of a First Nation to assume responsibility for delivering programs and services to its citizens
  • Provide First Nations with law-making and taxation powers on Settlement Land and for their Citizens

Transboundary Land Claim Agreements

  • The Gwich’in and Inuvialuit of the Northwest Territories have agreements that include their traditional territory in Yukon

Other Agreements

Reconciliation Agreements

  • Proactive approach to building relationships between the Yukon government and First Nations without comprehensive land claim agreements.
  • Tailored to address the shared priorities of the First Nations and Yukon government including: consultation and resource management processes; economic and capacity development; and revenue sharing.
  • Yukon government is engaged in reconciliation agreement negotiations with White River First Nation and the Kaska (Liard First Nation, Ross River Dena Council, Kaska Dena Council).
  • These negotiations began in 2014 and are ongoing.

Intergovernmental Accords



Umbrella Final Agreement

Carcross/Tagish First Nation

Champagne and Aishihik First Nations




Kluane First Nation

Kwanlin Dün First Nation

Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation

First Nation of Na-Cho Nyäk Dun

Selkirk First Nation

Ta'an Kwäch'än Council

Teslin Tlingit Council

Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in

Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation

Contact Aboriginal Relations

Ph: 867-667-5035
Toll free in Yukon: 1-800-661-0408
Email: aboriginal.relations@gov.yk.ca

Office location: upstairs at 204 Main Street.

Government of Yukon
Box 2703, A-14
Whitehorse, Yukon
Y1A 2C6