Agreements with First Nations
Many agreements have been negotiated to advance reconciliation.
Comprehensive Land Claims (modern treaties)
Comprehensive land claims are government-to-government agreements that exchange undefined Aboriginal rights for defined treaty rights, and title to Settlement Land.
Umbrella Final Agreement
- Framework for negotiating the individual Final Agreements
- Signed in 1993, by the Council of Yukon Indians (now Council of Yukon First Nations), the Government of Canada and the Government of Yukon
Yukon Final Agreements
- Constitutionally-protected (section 35) comprehensive land claim agreements
- Define First Nation rights within their Traditional Territories and how the federal, territorial and First Nation governments interact with one another
- Give First Nations ownership of and decision making powers on Settlement Land
- Address heritage, fish and wildlife, non-renewable resources, water management, forestry, taxation, financial compensation, economic development measures and land owned and managed by the First Nation
- 11 of the 14 First Nations in Yukon have Final Agreements
- Establishes the First Nation as a government, as opposed to an Indian Act band
- Establish a First Nations self-government powers so they can control and direct their own affairs
- Outline the ability of a First Nation to assume responsibility for delivering programs and services to its citizens
- Provide First Nations with law-making and taxation powers on Settlement Land and for their Citizens
Transboundary Land Claim Agreements
- The Gwich’in and Inuvialuit of the Northwest Territories have agreements that include their traditional territory in Yukon
- Proactive approach to building relationships between the Yukon government and First Nations without comprehensive land claim agreements.
- Tailored to address the shared priorities of the First Nations and Yukon government including: consultation and resource management processes; economic and capacity development; and revenue sharing.
- Yukon government is engaged in reconciliation agreement negotiations with White River First Nation and the Kaska (Liard First Nation, Ross River Dena Council, Kaska Dena Council).
- These negotiations began in 2014 and are ongoing.
- A government-to-government agreement that identifies shared priorities for cooperative action Includes a commitment for regular meetings and an action plan that coordinates and monitors progress on the shared priorities.
- Recent accords include those negotiated with Carcross/Tagish First Nation and Kwanlin Dün First Nation.
Umbrella Final Agreement
Carcross/Tagish First Nation
Champagne and Aishihik First Nations
Kluane First Nation
Kwanlin Dün First Nation
Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation
First Nation of Na-Cho Nyäk Dun
Selkirk First Nation
Ta'an Kwäch'än Council
Teslin Tlingit Council
Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation