Executive Council Office

Yukon fact sheet

General facts

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Government

Yukon became a territory of Canada in 1898. The Yukon Legislative Assembly consists of 19 elected members.

  • Liberal Party: 11 members
  • Yukon Party: 6 members
  • New Democratic Party: 2 member
  • Commissioner of Yukon: The Hon. Douglas George Phillips
  • Premier: The Hon. Sandy Silver
  • Opposition Leader: Stacey Hassard 
  • Member of Parliament: The Hon. Larry Bagnell
  • Senator: The Hon. Daniel Lang

 

Government finance projections ($000)

2015-2016 supplementary estimates No. 1

  • Revenues: 1,224,201
  • Appropriations*: 1,401,947
  • Surplus for the year: 4,613

2015-2016 supplementary estimates No. 2

  • Revenues: 1,225,371
  • Appropriations*: 1,383,139
  • Surplus for the year: 1,235

2016-2017 estimates

  • Revenues: 1,256,242
  • Appropriations*: 1,391,649
  • Surplus for the year: 9,483

*Operation & maintenance and capital.

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Land

Yukon represents 4.8% of Canada's total land area. Yukon is the 9th largest of Canada's 10 provinces and 3 territories. Yukon’s Mount Logan of the St. Elias Mountains in the Kluane National Park is the highest point in Canada with an elevation of 5,959 meters above sea level.

  • Total area of Yukon: 482,443 km2
  • Land area: 474,391 km2
  • Freshwater area: 8,052 km2

Main rivers

Donjek, Klondike, Liard, MacMillan, McQuesten, Nisutlin, Peel, Pelly, Porcupine, Ross, Snake, Stewart, White, Wind and Yukon.

Main lakes

Aishihik, Bennett, Dezadeash, Frances, Kluane, Kusawa, Laberge, Little Salmon, Marsh, Mayo, Quiet, Tagish and Teslin.

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Climate

Most of Yukon has a sub-arctic continental climate with a longer winter and shorter summer compared to most southern provinces. Temperature across Yukon communities varies according to their geographic locations.

Daily temperature (1981-2010) (Celsius)

Daily Maximum

Daily Minimum

January

July

January

July

Beaver Creek

-20.4

20.3

-30.0

7.8

Burwash Landing

-14.3

19.6

-26.7

6.4

Dawson City

-21.8

23.1

-30.1

8.2

Faro

-16.0

21.0

-24.6

8.9

Mayo

-18.0

22.8

-28.2

9.4

Old Crow

-25.2

20.2

-33.5

8.9

Teslin

-12.6

20.2

-21.5

7.9

Watson Lake

-17.5

21.5

-27.5

9.0

Whitehorse

-11.0

20.6

-19.2

8.0

Precipitation: Average annual totals (1981-2010)

Total
(mm)

Rain
(mm)

Snow
(cm)

Beaver Creek

417.3

298.6

117.9

Burwash Landing

274.7

196.2

105.5

Dawson City

324.3

201.3

166.5

Faro

319.7

218.4

114.0

Mayo

313.5

203.8

160.6

Old Crow

278.6

154.8

141.4

Teslin

346.3

209.5

148.4

Watson Lake

416.4

262.0

196.1

Whitehorse

262.3

160.9

141.8

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Population

Yukon communities

  • Cities: 1
  • Towns: 7
  • Local Advisory Areas: 5

Population by community as of March 31, 2016

  Total Male Female
Beaver Creek 105 60 45
Burwash Landing 111 59 52
Carcross 512 278 234
Carmacks 547 275 272
Dawson City 2,128 1,140 988
Destruction Bay 48 25 23
Faro 395 213 182
Haines Junction 913 467 446
Mayo 487 249 238
Old Crow 253 144 109
Pelly Crossing 382 202 180
Ross River 404 229 175
Tagish 262 138 124
Teslin 494 273 221
Watson Lake 1,451 781 670
Whitehorse area (including Marsh Lake) 29,092 14,698 14,394
Other 58 38 20
Total Yukon: 37,642 19,269 18,373

 

Yukon population by age group, March 31, 2016

Number of people between:

  • 0 and 4 years: 2,173
  • 5 and 9 years: 2,038
  • 10 and 14 years: 1,925
  • 15 and 19 years: 1,943
  • 20 and 24 years: 2,283
  • 25 and 29 years: 3,036
  • 30 and 34 years: 3,198
  • 35 and 39 years: 2,787
  • 40 and 44 years: 2,688
  • 45 and 49 years: 2,535
  • 50 and 54 years: 3,069
  • 55 and 59 years: 3,077
  • 60 and 64 years: 2,653
  • 65 and 69 years: 1,870
  • 70 and 74 years: 1,103
  • 75 and over: 1,264
  • Median age of population (years): 38
  • Population aged under 15 years: 6,136
  • Population aged 15 to 24 years: 4,226
  • Population aged 25 to 64 years: 23,043
  • Population aged 65 and over: 4,237
  • Yukon's population growth from March 2015 to March 2016: 1.2%
  • Per cent of Canada's population in Yukon: 0.1%

Source: Yukon Bureau of Statistics

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Demographics

Vital statistics

Births

Deaths

Marriages

2011

 418

 178

 147

2012

427

199

148

2013

392

204

163

2014r

386

202

179

2015

423

205

164

Source: Yukon Bureau of Statistics

Migration estimates (July 1 to June 30)

 

In

Out

Net

2010/2011

1,757

1,147

610

2011/2012r

1,838

1,287

551

2012/2013r

1,348

1,339

9

2013/2014r

1,742

1,399

343

2014/2015

1,832

1,605

227

Census 2011 mother tongue (% of population)

  • English: 83.4%
  • French: 4.3%
  • Aboriginal: 2.5%
  • Non-Aboriginal: 8.3%
  • Multiple response: 1.5%

Note: The term 'mother tongue' refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood at the time of the census.

Legend: r = revised 

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